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Nowicki, Gregory I. (?-CA. 1720)

Brief description of the Ostyak people, written by Gregory Nowicki in 1715 / Ed. [and added a note.] L. Maikov. — St. Petersburg : [In] l[uutela] d[jealous] p[istinnosti], 1884. VI, 116 p.; 31 cm. — (the Monuments of ancient literature and art; [53])

"A brief description of the Ostyak people..." is written by Gregory Nowicki in 1715. The full title is "a Brief description of the Ostyak people who in Predela polkosnik Sibirskogo comes with some of the same state Osoblaha doing things, but chiefly of the life, customs and stay this Ostyak people, their example pridem socastee of numerologie, on appeal to pious Orthodox Christian faith." While working on the manuscript of the author was in exile in Tobolsk province. Novitsky was close Tobolsk Metropolitan Filofey (Leszczynski) and often accompanied him on trips to diocese. It is the material collected during visits to the Voguls (sovr. — Muncie) and Ostyaks (sovr. — Khanty), was the basis for the "Short description...".

The main task of the educational activities of Tobolsk euphie was the treatment of the indigenous population — vogulica and Votyakov the help of God and his works <...> in the Christian faith, explain to them the basics of the Christian faith, the organization of Church life. In 1712-1714. there were several missionary expeditions down the rivers Irtysh and Ob. During these visits, the priests tried to convey to the indigenous people the meaning of the Orthodox faith, persuaded to abandon the observance of pagan rites. Sometimes the XPS succeed: Ostyaks, who lived near Me, embraced Orthodoxy and burned kunimitsu and idol, known under the name of "old Man Ob" and "God fish"; together with the whole household was baptized Prince Halacheva in Condense. But there were instances of open resistance: in yurts Big Atlim Ostyaks did not give the ship to hit the beach. Further along information biographers Metropolitan: "suddenly rising squall threw missionary "domanik" on a sandbank. The Metropolitan went on shore and within two days had convinced the Ostyaks to be baptized. Only on the third day the majority of belseachleau agreed to be baptized. This trip was baptized Ostyaks Popoholic, Belgorod, Sukhorukova and Kazym number of yurts about 3,500 people. Dissent was baptized about 30 people, and they fled in Saxarova Yurt to Obdorsk". There were also cases of open clashes with representatives of other faiths. In Burinsky yurts, whose residents took Islam, Ostyaks refused to accept missionaries and, incited by the Mullah, took up arms. In a skirmish many missionaries were injured. In February 1714 Prince kosacki Yurt, also converted to Islam, tried to attack the members of the expedition. But to help the Metropolitan and his companions came baptized Voguls. Colucci Prince was taken into custody and it is only through the request of the Metropolitan escaped punishment. Subsequently, the Prince was baptized, and with the assistance of the missionaries baptized to 300 kosacki Vogel-Muslims .

Gregory Nowicki was a regular member of these expeditions. In 1715 he with the blessing of Metropolitan prepared the manuscript, which described in detail the course of events. Main focus is removed it is the Christianization of the local population, destruction of places of worship for pagan religious rites, the construction of churches. Summarizing some of the results of missionary work, he wrote: "the Priests sent for the baptism of the Ostyaks, who lived along the river and its tributaries, fulfilled his Commission with success, baptized many people and destroying all found idols." However, an important component of his work is a description of a way of life, customs, and appearance of the local people, their dwellings, clothing, everyday life. The work of Nowicki also contains valuable information on place names and geography of the region.

The data presented Novitsky quite complete and thorough. As he himself indicates in his address to the reader: "a pilgrim and a stranger Sibirskoe this country, it is a lot of surprise and codesi worthy, mnoise abundance of wonderful and glorious things, especially common around the world worthy of the joy within so utworzenia you, tender reader, offering nesomnenno, am reliable so favorable, so the little voice be your messenger".

The edition of 1884 was initiated by the Imperial Russian geographical society and prepared for printing known ethnographer, folklorist, historian of Russian literature and publisher Leonid Nikolaevich mykovam (1839-1900) on the basis of original manuscripts of Gregory Nowicki. The manuscript is permanently stored in Tobolsk Cathedral. Specially for this edition by L. Poppy was written introductory article, and N. P. Tikhonov prepared index of names, concepts and geographical names occurring in the text.

Interesting fact:

Muncie. Settled in the basin of the river Ob (mainly on the left its tributaries — the rivers Konda, North Sosva and others, as well as in the town of Berezov). Speak Mansi language, many Russian. Religion since the beginning of the 17th century was considered to be Orthodox, but they retained various pre-Christian beliefs (including the ancestral cult, shamanism). As an ethnic community Muncie happened, probably in the 1st Millennium B. C. in the process of merging with advanced Ugric peoples of the South with the ancient tribes of hunters and fishermen of the taiga, the Urals. Muncie allied Khanty. In written sources known since the 11th century under the name of "Ugra" (together with Khanty), and since the 14th century under the name "vogelii", "Voguls". Main activities: fishing, hunting, partially reindeer husbandry and also agriculture, animal husbandry and fur farming.