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IASA-TC 03 The Safeguarding of the Audio Heritage: Ethics, Principles and Preservation Strategy, Version 3, December 2005
The purpose of this document
In the increasingly widespread introduction of digital technology, the members of the International Association of sound and audiovisual archives (IASA), and archivists other areas raise the question of how to preserve audiovisual heritage. The technical Committee of the International Association of sound and audiovisual archives, Technical Committee of IASA) has prepared these guidelines (IASA-TC 03) in response to this question.
Task IASA-TC 03 is to identify issues and propose practical recommendations for use in audio and audio-visual archives in terms of availability of advanced equipment. These recommendations are a balance between the ideal situation and the reality of the world in which we live. This is an attempt to help readers focus on the various issues relating to the scope of liability in the practice of audioarchive. This document consistently uses terminology that is understandable to the employees of the archives, financial responsibility, and technically trained staff.
This document represents a revision of earlier versions of IASA-TC 03, published in September 2001 and in February 1997. The revision is a consequence of the further development of digital audioarchive. The document has also, guidelines on the production and preservation of digital audio objects, published in 2004 (IASA-TC 04). Accordingly, IASA-TC 03 focuses on the principles and TC 04 provides detailed explanations and practical conclusions of TC 03.
The safeguarding of the audio heritage in the future will inevitably evolve because of changes in technology and markets that will significantly affect the archival community. The IASA technical Committee is continually monitoring, debating and influencing the situation. At a time when it becomes necessary, will be issued an updated version of this document.
Option 3 was prepared by a group that included George of Boston (Boston George), George Brock-Nannestad (George Brock-Nannestad), Lars Gaustad (Lars Gaustad), Albrecht Hefner (Albrecht Häfner, Dietrich schüller (Dietrich Schüller) and Tommy Seberg (Tommy Sjöberg), and endorsed by the Technical Committee of IASA.
Translation into Russian language: Viktor Denisov (Victor Denisov, Phonogrammarchive, Institute of Russian Literature, Pushkinsky Dom, St. Petersburg) and Natalia Svetozarov (Natalia Svetozarova, St. Petersburg State University). The authors of the translation thanks Ingo Kolasa (Ingo Kolasa, Deutsches Musikarchiv Berlin) and wolf Plotkin (Wulf Plotkin, Israel).
In case of any questions and uncertainties, please refer to the English original on the site:
Quotes from IASA-TC 04, contained in the first edition, 2004
This document is not a code of ethics covering all aspects of audio archiving. It affects, however, the ethical conclusions from the technical aspects of recording and saving sound files, and access to them, in terms of technical development, we offer you the current market situation.
The basic principles of this document can be formulated as follows: measures for the conservation and preservation enable us to pass on to our descendants so a large amount of information contained in our repositories, to the extent achievable within our professional activities. The responsibility of an archive is to identify current and future needs of its users and to comply with the condition of the archive and its contents.
The task of sound archives
There are 4 main tasks performed by all archives:
While the primary aim of the archive is to ensure permanent access to stored information, a prerequisite to achieve this goal is to preserve collections. For most documents this means using best practices to ensure the physical and chemical integrity of the original documents. Sound archives have to ensure that the recorded signals can be reproduced in the same quality standard, or better, than was possible at the time of the recording.
Advances in analog recording technology often allow modern reproducing apparatus to retrieve from the media sound more information than was possible in the period when this recording was made.
It should also be noted that, for a number of reasons, some collection of sound archives are not originals, but copies. In such cases, these copies shall be deemed originals.
Linguistics (linguistics, linguistics — the science that studies languages. It's the study of natural human language in General and about all languages of the world as individual representatives. In a broad sense is a part of semiotics as a science of signs.